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UPDATE: These figures have since been updated as more is understood about the different products that can contain paraffin or other flammable emollients. Since 2015, when more detailed information has been available, there have been 10 fire deaths where emollient creams have been noted as a factor of the fire (of which there was 1 in 2015, 4 in 2016 and 5 in 2017). The increase in the most recent years is probably due to the current awareness of the issue and an increase in recording where emollients are present
The LFB does not routinely collect information about the use of flammable emollient creams at fires. We are however concerned by the anecdotal evidence that flammable creams can contribute to fire death when used by people with limited mobility and who are smokers (or otherwise near to flammable heat sources such as candles, cookers or heaters)
A recent Brigade study showed that 15 people have died in fires in the last three years where it’s believed that a flammable skin product was being used. Firefighters are warning that this figure may rise unless people using these products take greater care.
We issued the warning following an appearance on the BBC’s 5 Live Investigates programme on Sunday 11 February.
Many commonly used moisturising products, or emollient skin products, contain ingredients like paraffin or petroleum and are highly flammable. These products are widely used by elderly people and those with mobility problems, and help with conditions like eczema, or to prevent bed sores.
Group Manager Mark Hazelton said:
“It’s a real issue that people simply don’t realise that these skin products are in fact highly flammable. You’ve got elderly people, or those with mobility problems, using them liberally on their skin, which is fine, until a flame is introduced into the mix.
“These soak into dressings, clothing and bedding, which makes the fabric flammable. And the problem is, it’s really difficult to wash the product out, even on a hot wash.
“We are really concerned about smokers, and those using candles. If a flammable skin product is being used, a small spark can quickly lead to a serious blaze. This is a real concern for elderly people and those less able to escape if a fire takes hold.”
Emollient skin products are used to manage skin conditions such as eczema and psoriasis, meaning sufferers wear the product over large areas of their skin - increasing their risk of harm.
The Brigade said it wants to make health care professionals and carers aware of the fire risks associated with emollient products, especially when the patient is known to smoke and has mobility issues.
The Brigade is also asking manufacturers to clearly label flammable products.
There is further advice on the 'carers' pages of our website, our advice includes: