are more vulnerable than larger vehicles, and accidents can lead to more serious injuries. 

We attended 16 serious road traffic collisions in 2022/23 that involved cyclists.

We work with drivers to increase their awareness of cyclists, and also encourage cyclists to think defensively and protect themselves wherever possible on the road.

Boost your cycle skills for free

Did you know that TfL provides free cycle skills training sessions for both adults and families? Many councils also run free or subsidised sessions.

More info on TfL

Cycling advice

The basics

  • Always stop at a red light – otherwise you could be fined, or end up in a collision
  • Use hand signals to indicate that you’re turning left or right
  • Cycle at an appropriate speed for your surroundings – remember pedestrians are as vulnerable to you as you are to a car.


  • Where possible, stick to cycle lanes
  • Stay central on narrow roads to discourage dangerous overtaking
  • Don’t cycle on the pavement or against a one-way street (unless it’s clearly marked for cyclists)
  • Keep clear of parked cars in case a door opens in front of you
  • All large vehicles have ‘blind spots’. It’s safer not to undertake on the inside.


  • When stopped, try to make eye contact with drivers to ensure they’ve seen you
  • Wear bright or fluorescent clothing during the day, and reflective clothing or accessories when it’s dark
  • Use lights when it’s dark (white at the front and red at the rear) – you could be fined if you don’t


  • Don’t use a mobile phone or earphones
  • Consider wearing a helmet for extra head protection

Useful documents

Road safety advice for cyclists

Download PDF (402kb)

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