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Fire Risk Assessments.

If you're responsible for a building, it’s important to do all you can to reduce the risk of fire to keep people safe. It saves lives, it’s your legal duty, and it makes good business sense. 

What is a Fire Risk Assessment?

A careful look at your premises and the people who use them, from a fire prevention perspective. It’s about understanding the potential risks, then improving your fire safety precautions to keep people safe.

Why do it?

If you are a employer, owner or occupier of premises that aren't a 'single private dwelling' (a private home), you need to complete a Fire Risk Assessment. This is a legal requirement – your duty to identify fire risks and and hazards in your premises.

If five or more people work at your premises, you’ll need a written record of your assessment, too. It’s good business sense as well as a legal requirement, often businesses don’t recover after a fire, and effective fire prevention starts with properly understanding the risks. 

Did you know? 

If there's a fire and you haven't met your legal duties to keep people safe, you could be fined and may even spend time in prison. Learn about your legal obligations here.  

How to do a Fire Risk Assessment

Broadly speaking, assessments are conducted in five key steps:

  1. Identify the fire hazards.
  2. Identify people at risk.
  3. Evaluate, remove or reduce the risks.
  4. Record your findings, prepare an emergency plan and provide training.
  5. Review and update the fire risk assessment regularly.

Who checks it? 

We do – inspecting premises is part of our duty to keep people safe from fire. If your premises aren't safe, or you haven't done an assessment, you may be fined. If we believe people are at risk, we may even have to close your business until you can make it safe for employees and members of the public.  

Who should do my Fire Risk Assessment?

It depends on how large or complex your business or organisation is.

Large complex business

If your business is larger or more complex, contact an expert to come and help. Our responsibilities lie in making sure you’ve done an appropriate assessment – we don’t provide an assessment service. You'll need to find a suitably qualified specialist, but there's a guide to help you at the end of this page. 

SME or smaller organisation

If your business or organisation is relatively small and you think your potential risks aren’t complex, it is possible to do it yourself. You can find a guides to help you understand what’s required here on the Gov.UK website and we have created a downloadable Word document to support you.

Can we do your Fire Risk Assessment for you?

Unfortunately not. If you don’t have the expertise – or time – to do the fire risk assessment yourself, appoint a specialist to do it for you. However, our experts have created a template to help you if you choose to perform your own assessment.

Extra practical help and guidance...

Guidance note 66 (GN66)

Download PDF (218kb)

Choosing a competent Fire Risk Assessor

Download PDF (342kb)

Good to know – we also provide GN66 notes in other languages – please contact us to request these.

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