London Fire Brigade

Leyland fire engine motor pump

During World War I, the Brigade began to rapidly change from horse-drawn to motor powered fire engines.

The cost of forage for the horses became expensive and the army took precedence over the supply of the animals.

Leyland fire engines were purchased, as well as those made by Dennis, and by 1919 there were no horse-drawn models or escape vans left in service.

The Braidwood body style prevailed. Initially Brigade fire engines did not carry ladders but in the 1920s they were fitted out to carry two hook ladders.

Technical information

  • Crew: four or five firefighters
  • Equipment: hose, branches, lines, turbine centrifugal pump, two scaling ladders and (later versions) two hook ladders
  • Pumping capacity: 400-500 gallons per minute
  • Speed: 20-25mph
  • Engine: Leyland
  • Fuel: petrol
  • Manufacturers: Leyland Motors Ltd


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